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The Ezinqoleni Municipality is one of the municipalities that develop comprehensive Housing Sector Plan with the assistance of the then Department of Human Settlement. The Ezinqoleni Housing Sector Plan was developed during the 2007/2008 financial year and highlights the intended housing delivery process as determined and approved by the Ezinqoleni Council. However the Housing Sector Plan needs to be reviewed considering the long turnaround time taken before physical housing structures are constructed from the time of identification of project and agreement entered into between the Department of Human Settlement and the municipality.
This subsection summarizes the municipal Housing Sector Plan with specific focus on key areas of housing delivery. The detailed analysis and expectations for the Ezinqoleni housing delivery can be obtained from municipal housing sector plan.
The Ezinqoleni housing delivery responsibility which falls under, Director: Technical Services and Community Services and the Technical Assistance who is specifically designated to monitor and report on housing delivery in the municipality. If funding was not a matter, an additional capacity would be required during the implementation of the housing projects in Vukuzithathe, Mthimude and KwaNyuswa Traditional Authorities (2010/2011)

Housing Demand analysis
The municipality has a current housing demand list categorized as follows:
Emanating from the information provided by the statistics South Africa (2007) and the Ezinqoleni Socio-economic Survey conducted during the 2007/2008 financial year, Ezinqoleni Municipality derived that the housing needs in Ezinqoleni is estimated as follows:
KwaNyuswa Traditional Authority: 3000
Mthimude Traditional Authority: 3000
Vukuzithathe Traditional Authority: 3000
Total Housing needs: 9000

It should be noted that the above estimations considered the current scenario and excludes estimations that could be concluded should an exercise be conducted on the number of new household’s construction in the area each month or year. At the moment there is no fully fledged system developed between the municipality’s planning in terms of new household’s development in the area.
However the Department of Human Settlement has allocated funds for the construction of 3000 housing units during 2010/2011, from the 9000 units’ backlog.

Population growth
During the past years the municipality has been experiencing an influx of people from the Eastern Cape and other Municipalities within Ugu. Apart from the influx an observation has been made that there is an increasing number of people who decides to develop their own homesteads once they reach the age of 30 years. These two challenges indicate an increase in the housing demand.

Type of dwellings
Ezinqoleni Municipality is pro-rural. Most dwellings can be described as informal according to the Department of Human Settlement’s classification of dwellings. Due to the high levels of poverty and unemployment in the area, It is illustrative that such dwellings will increase instead of decreasing. The municipality needs to investigate and review its Housing Sector Plan towards decreasing the number of informal dwellings in the area.

Identification of land for housing
The municipality is currently is currently investigating land that can be acquired for housing development. Most of the land in Ezinqoleni belongs to Ingonyama Trust and private ownership, which poses a challenge in the acquisition of land for housing development. There is also a challenge between the municipality and traditional authorities on the issue of land administration and development, which still need to be addressed. There is also a very critical need that the traditional authorities adopt the municipality’s land use management tools to allow proper co-ordination of development and identification of land for housing development.

The municipality subscribe to the level of services provision as determined by the Department of Human Settlement and its service delivery charter.

Social viability
The housing delivery has been considered in conjunction with the level of services that exist and the level of services expected to be delivered during the housing development project or shortly after a housing project has been completed. Emphasis has been placed on the availability of road network, water and sanitation; electricity and schools, which are regarded as basic needs for any kind of settlement.